Can polycythemia vera lead to other cancers?

Can polycythemia cause leukemia?

In rare cases, polycythemia vera may eventually progress into a form of leukemia known as acute myeloid leukemia.

Can polycythemia lead to lymphoma?

Background: Polycythemia vera (PV), a myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by hematopoietic cell proliferation, is associated with risk of leukemic transformation, but published data on the risk of developing solid tumors or lymphoma in the US are limited.

What cancer is polycythemia?

Is one of a related group of blood cancers known as “myeloproliferative neoplasms” (MPNs). Too many red blood cells are made in the bone marrow and, in many cases, the numbers of white blood cells and platelets are also elevated.

What are the long term effects of polycythemia vera?

About 2 out of every 100,000 people are affected by the disease. Of these individuals, slightly less than 20 percent may go on to develop long-term complications such as myelofibrosis (bone marrow scarring) and leukemia.

Is polycythemia a terminal illness?

Without treatment, polycythemia vera can be life-threatening. But proper medical care can help ease signs, symptoms and complications of this disease.

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Does polycythemia get worse?

It usually happens during the later stages of the disease. Polycythemia vera treatments help reduce your risk of symptoms and complications. But for some people, the disease still gets worse and turns into another blood cancer, despite treatment.

Is polycythemia vera a death sentence?

There is currently no cure for PV, but the disease is not necessarily a death sentence. According to the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, the median life expectancy after diagnosis is 20 years.

Does polycythemia go away?

There’s no cure for polycythemia vera. Treatment focuses on reducing your risk of complications. These treatments may also ease your symptoms.

What should I eat if I have polycythemia?

In general, the guidelines for people with PV are the same as for everyone else: eat a low-fat diet in sensible portions with fruits, vegetables, grains and legumes. Drink plenty of fluids. It’s important to stay well hydrated to keep your blood from thickening.

What are two conditions that cause polycythemia?

What are the risk factors for polycythemia?

  • Hypoxia from long standing (chronic) lung disease and smoking are common causes of polycythemia. …
  • Chronic carbon monoxide (CO) exposure can also be a risk factor for polycythemia.

What is the most common cause of polycythemia?

Primary polycythemia is genetic. It’s most commonly caused by a mutation in the bone marrow cells, which produce your red blood cells. Secondary polycythemia can also have a genetic cause. But it’s not from a mutation in your bone marrow cells.

What is the life expectancy of someone with polycythemia?

According to an article in Blood Cancer Journal, the median survival time for people with PV is 14 years after diagnosis. The authors take this survival time from a study in which half of the participants were still alive 14 years after diagnosis.

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Is polycythemia vera considered a disability?

If you suffer from polycythemia vera, which is a serious disease that can result in death, you may be unable to work. In those situations, you may qualify for Social Security disability benefits.

Can polycythemia vera go into remission?

A 20-year-old woman presented with polycythemia vera and was treated with phlebotomy alone for eleven years, following which all clinical manifestations of the disease disappeared. The clinical remission with normal physical findings and normal peripheral blood counts has persisted for a further 11 years.