Can lithium tablets cause cancer?
The European Medicine Agency has reported that there may be an association between long-term lithium use and reports of both renal tumors and thyroid cancer.
Is lithium used for cancer?
Several reports have shown that lithium is effective in inhibiting glioma38, colorectal cancer39, medulloblastoma40, hepatocellular carcinoma41 and other cancer cells42.
Can lithium harm you?
Lithium is generally safe to take for a long time. Most people take it for years with no problems. If you’ve been taking lithium for some time, it can cause weight gain. It can also cause problems with your kidneys or thyroid gland.
Why is lithium bad for humans?
Lithium may also cause irregular heartbeat, drying and thinning of hair, alopecia, dry mouth, weight gain, itchiness, and other side effects. Long-term use may lead to kidney disease, high blood calcium levels, hyperparathyroidism, hypothyroidism, or other thyroid problems.
Is lithium good in the long term?
Long-term treatment with lithium is associated with a reduction of the GFR and a twofold increased risk of chronic kidney disease (86). Patients with BD in older age are consequently at a higher risk of these adverse effects after having taken lithium for several years (78).
Can bipolar cause cancer?
The study reveals that people with bipolar disorder have an increased risk of developing cancer, approximately 20% higher than in the general population. This risk is particularly high (around 30%) if we consider breast cancer in women with bipolar disorder.
What are side effects of lithium?
What are possible side effects of lithium?
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Dizziness or drowsiness.
- Changes in appetite.
- Hand tremors.
- Dry mouth.
- Increased thirst.
Is lithium a neuroprotective agent?
More recently, based on findings from translational research, lithium has also been regarded as a neuroprotective agent and a candidate drug for disease-modification in certain neurodegenerative disorders, namely, Alzheimer’s disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and, more recently, Parkinson’s disease (PD …
How long can you stay on lithium?
If you have bipolar disorder, you may be offered lithium for a longer period, to prevent or reduce your risk of relapse. Your doctor may suggest that you commit to taking lithium for at least six months, possibly longer. This is because it can take some time to make sure the medication is working effectively.
What does lithium do to a normal person?
Lithium helps reduce the severity and frequency of mania. It may also help relieve or prevent bipolar depression. Studies show that lithium can significantly reduce suicide risk. Lithium also helps prevent future manic and depressive episodes.
Can lithium help with anxiety?
In fact, some patients start feeling less anxious, irritable, and depressed just days after taking low-dose lithium. Despite the evidence supporting the benefits of low-dose lithium, it is still underused as a supplement in psychiatry.
Does lithium change your personality?
Substantial affect and mood changes are induced by lithium carbonate. Lethargy, dysphoria, a loss of interest in interacting with others and the environment, and a state of increased mental confusion were reported.
Does lithium make you feel like a zombie?
In general, the only significant problems with low-dose lithium are tolerability and thyroid issues. About 1 person in 10 to 15 gets dull, flat, and “blah” (the “lithium made me a zombie” effect, overrepresented in online testimonials).
Does lithium damage the brain?
Prolonged lithium intoxication >2 mM can cause permanent brain damage. Lithium has low mutagenic and carcinogenic risk. Lithium is still the most effective therapy for depression.