How quickly does nasopharyngeal cancer progress?
The median growth rate was 1.63mm(3) per day and the median tumor doubling time was 279days. This study is the first report in the literature looking at the natural progression of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) based on clinical information.
What is the prognosis for stage 4 nasopharyngeal cancer?
Although NPC is a radiosensitive tumor, long-term survival for patients with advanced disease remains poor. According to recent studies,15,16 with RT alone, the 5-year survival rate for stage IV disease ranges between 28% and 35%.
Is nasopharyngeal cancer treatable?
Many cancers of the nasopharynx can be cured, especially if they are found early. Descriptions of the common types of treatments used for NPC are listed below. Your care plan may also include treatment for symptoms and side effects, an important part of cancer care. The main treatment for NPC is radiation therapy.
How serious is nasopharyngeal cancer?
If the cancer is located only in the nasopharynx, the 5-year survival rate is 85%. If the cancer has spread to nearby tissues or organs and/or regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 71%. If there is distant spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 49%.
What does nasopharyngeal cancer feel like?
The first symptom of nasopharynx cancer is usually a lump in the upper part of the neck. Other signs and symptoms may include: Swelling of the neck. Persistent headaches.
Is nasopharyngeal cancer painful?
Most people with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) notice a lump or mass in the neck that leads them to see a doctor. There may be lumps on both sides of the neck towards the back. The lumps are usually not tender or painful.
What is Stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer?
In stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer, the cancer: Is found in the nasopharynx only or has spread from the nasopharynx to the oropharynx and/or to the nasal cavity. Cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes on both sides of the neck.
What is stage 4 nasopharyngeal carcinoma?
In stage IVB, cancer has spread beyond the lymph nodes in the neck to distant lymph nodes, such as those between the lungs, below the collarbone, or in the armpit or groin, or to other parts of the body, such as the lung, bone, or liver.
How often does nasopharyngeal cancer come back?
According to data from the Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center (Guangzhou, PR China), most patients experience recurrence within 3 years of initial treatment: 5.9% within 6 months, 23.7% within less than 1 year, 48.7% within less than 2 years, 16.9% after 5 years, and 3.3% after 10 years4.
Why surgical treatment for cancer of nasopharynx is not recommended?
Because the nasopharynx is a hard place to operate on and because other types of treatment often work well, surgery is not usually the main treatment for people with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC). Surgery is more often done to remove lymph nodes in the neck that haven’t responded to other treatments.
How long is chemo for nasopharyngeal cancer?
Doctors give chemo in cycles, with each period of treatment followed by a rest period to allow the body time to recover. Cycles generally last about 3 to 4 weeks. Chemo is often not used for patients in poor health, but advanced age by itself should not keep anyone from getting chemo.