How effective is radiotherapy for bladder cancer?
The 5-year cause specific survival for radiation-treated patients was 41%. About one-quarter of patients receiving RT could survive 5 years while retaining the bladder. Radical RT with cystectomy for salvage is comparable with initial cystectomy and has the advantage of preserving normal bladder function [15,16].
How many radiotherapy sessions are needed for bladder cancer?
On its own, radiation therapy can help to control bladder cancer. In this case, you may have a single session, or up to 20 sessions given Monday to Friday over four weeks. This approach may be recommended if you are too unwell for other treatments or if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Are most bladder cancers curable?
Most bladder cancers are diagnosed at an early stage, when the cancer is highly treatable. But even early-stage bladder cancers can come back after successful treatment. For this reason, people with bladder cancer typically need follow-up tests for years after treatment to look for bladder cancer that recurs.
Is bladder cancer curable if caught early?
Bladder cancer is usually treatable when caught at an early stage but more challenging to address when found later. Recurrence also poses a risk, even with early-stage tumors, so regular surveillance is essential following treatment or surgery.
What are the side effects of radiation for bladder cancer?
Possible side effects of radiation therapy
- Skin changes in areas getting radiation, ranging from redness to blistering and peeling.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Bladder symptoms, like burning or pain when you urinate, feeling the need to go often, or blood in your urine.
- Blood in stool and/or urine.
- Tiredness (fatigue)
What happens after radiotherapy for bladder cancer?
Possible late effects of radiotherapy to the bladder
Late effects of radiotherapy to the bladder may include: bowel or bladder changes. vaginal changes. erection problems (erectile dysfunction)
How long will you live if you have bladder cancer?
The general 5-year survival rate for people with bladder cancer is 77%. However, survival rates depend on many factors, including the type and stage of bladder cancer that is diagnosed. The 5-year survival rate of people with bladder cancer that has not spread beyond the inner layer of the bladder wall is 96%.
Is there pain with bladder cancer?
When it’s in its earliest stages, bladder cancer doesn’t usually cause much pain. Some people have no pain whatsoever, while others may experience pain or burning when they urinate. Blood in the urine, either microscopic or visible to the naked eye, is commonly the first sign of bladder cancer.
What happens if I refuse radiation treatment?
Patients who refuse recommended adjuvant radiation therapy have unacceptably high rates of local recurrence. Omission of radiation for advanced age alone is associated with local recurrence rates comparable to those for younger patients.