How does Hodgkin’s lymphoma affect the normal function of the lymphatic system?
In Hodgkin lymphoma, B-lymphocytes (a particular type of lymphocyte) start to multiply in an abnormal way and begin to collect in certain parts of the lymphatic system, such as the lymph nodes (glands). The affected lymphocytes lose their infection-fighting properties, making you more vulnerable to infection.
What does Hodgkin’s lymphoma affect?
Hodgkin lymphoma most commonly affects lymph nodes in the neck or in the area between the lungs and behind the breastbone. It can also begin in groups of lymph nodes under an arm, in the groin, or in the abdomen or pelvis.
Can Hodgkin’s lymphoma be completely cured?
Overall, treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma is highly effective and most people with the condition are eventually cured.
Who is most at risk for Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
Risk factors for Hodgkin lymphoma include:
- Age. Hodgkin lymphoma occurs most often in people in their 20 and 30s or after age 55.
- Gender. More men than women get Hodgkin lymphoma.
- Family history. …
- Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. …
- HIV infection. …
- Weakened immune system.
How serious is Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
Hodgkin lymphoma is considered one of the most treatable cancers, with more than 90 percent of patients surviving more than five years. Most patients with Hodgkin lymphoma live long and healthy lives following successful treatment.
How quickly does Hodgkin’s lymphoma progress?
After five to 10 years, low-grade disorders begin to progress rapidly to become aggressive or high-grade and produce more severe symptoms. This type progresses fairly rapidly without treatment. With treatment, remission can be induced in between 50 to 75 percent of cases.
Can you recover from Stage 4 Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
According to the ACS , the five-year survival rate for stage 4 Hodgkin’s lymphoma is about 65 percent. The five-year survival rate for people with stage 4 NHL varies depending on the subtype of NHL and other factors. Ask your doctor for more information about your diagnosis, treatment options, and long-term outlook.
Can Hodgkin’s be cured without chemo?
If the initial treatment was radiation therapy alone, chemotherapy is usually given for recurrent disease. If chemotherapy without radiation therapy was used first, and the cancer comes back only in the lymph nodes, radiation to the lymph nodes can be done, with or without more chemo.
Can Hodgkin’s lymphoma turn into leukemia?
Some survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma have a higher risk of developing a secondary cancer, especially acute myeloid leukemia (after certain types of chemotherapy, like BEACOPP, or radiation therapy), non-Hodgkin lymphoma, lung cancer, or breast cancer.
Is lymphoma a death sentence?
Myth #1: A diagnosis of lymphoma is a death sentence.
Treatments are very effective for some types of lymphoma, particularly Hodgkin’s lymphoma, when detected early on. In fact, medical advances over the last 50 years have made Hodgkin’s lymphoma one of the most curable forms of cancer.
What was your first lymphoma symptom?
The best way to find HL early is to be on the lookout for possible symptoms. The most common symptom is enlargement or swelling of one or more lymph nodes, causing a lump or bump under the skin which usually doesn’t hurt. It’s most often on the side of the neck, in the armpit, or in the groin.
Can lymphoma go away by itself?
Follicular lymphoma may go away without treatment. The patient is closely watched for signs or symptoms that the disease has come back. Treatment is needed if signs or symptoms occur after the cancer disappeared or after initial cancer treatment.