How long can testicular cancer go undiagnosed?
But other cancers can form and grow undetected for 10 years or more, as one study found, making diagnosis and treatment that much more difficult. When cancer originates in one or both testes, a man can go a long time without any obvious signs or symptoms.
What happens if testicular cancer goes undiagnosed?
If it is not detected and treated, testicular cancer eventually can spread to the lungs, brain, liver, and other parts of the body. Certain types of testicular cancer are more likely to spread than others. Sometimes the cancer will have already spread at the initial time of diagnosis.
Can you have testicular cancer and not know?
Some men with testicular cancer have no symptoms at all, and their cancer is found during medical testing for other conditions. For instance, sometimes imaging tests done to find the cause of infertility can uncover a small testicular cancer. But if you have any of these signs or symptoms, see your doctor right away.
Can testicular cancer be left untreated?
If diagnosed early, testicular cancer has a very high cure rate (around 90-95%) because the cancer is localised within the testicle. However, if left untreated, the cancer may spread to other parts of the body where it may be more difficult to treat.
What are 5 warning signs of testicular cancer?
Five Common Signs of Testicular Cancer
- A painless lump, swelling or enlargement of one or both testes.
- Pain or heaviness in the scrotum.
- A dull ache or pressure in the groin, abdomen or low back.
- A general feeling of malaise, including unexplained fatigue, fever, sweating, coughing, shortness of breath or mild chest pains.
Where is the first place testicular cancer spreads?
Therefore, testis cancer has a very predictable pattern of spread. The first place these cancers typically spread is to the lymph nodes around the kidneys, an area called the retroperitoneum.
Can you live a full life after testicular cancer?
The general 5-year survival rate for men with testicular cancer is 95%. This means that 95 men out of every 100 men diagnosed with testicular cancer will live at least 5 years after diagnosis. The survival rate is higher for people diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for those with later-stage cancer.
What is a man’s lifetime risk of dying from testicular cancer?
This is largely a disease of young and middle-aged men, but about 6% of cases occur in children and teens, and about 8% occur in men over the age of 55. Because testicular cancer usually can be treated successfully, a man’s lifetime risk of dying from this cancer is very low: about 1 in 5,000 .
Do all testicular cancers have lumps?
For most people, early testicular cancer causes a lump on one of their testicles that can be detected before the disease has a chance to become more serious. Sometimes their testicle is swollen or larger than usual but there aren’t any lumps.
Does testicular cancer show up in blood work?
Some blood tests can help diagnose testicular tumors. Many testicular cancers make high levels of certain proteins called tumor markers, such as alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG). When these tumor markers are in the blood, it suggests that there’s a testicular tumor.
Is testicular cancer fast growing?
There are two main types of testicular cancer – seminomas and nonseminomas. Seminomas tend to grow and spread more slowly than nonseminomas, which are more common, accounting for roughly 60 percent of all testicular cancers. How quickly a cancer spreads will vary from patient to patient.
Is stage 4 testicular cancer curable?
Testicular cancers are highly curable, even in patients with metastatic disease at diagnosis. According to SEER data from 2009-2015, overall 5-year survival is 95.2%.
How can you tell if you got testicular cancer?
Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:
- A lump or enlargement in either testicle.
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum.
- A dull ache in the abdomen or groin.
- A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum.
- Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum.
- Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts.
- Back pain.
Is testicular cancer aggressive?
An Aggressive, Yet Treatable Cancer
Testicular cancer is a rare malignancy, with only about 8,000 cases diagnosed in the United States each year. When the disease does strike, however, it can be highly aggressive. About two-thirds of patients are first diagnosed with disease that has spread, or metastasized.