How common is nasopharyngeal cancer statistics?
Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) is quite rare. In most parts of the world (including the United States), there’s less than one case for every 100,000 people each year.
Does nasopharyngeal cancer cause death?
One of the most common cancers in head and neck is nasopharyngeal cancer [3, 4], which is associated with a very unique geographical distribution pattern. It is reported that there are about 86,500 cases of nasopharynx cancer and 50,000 deaths from the disease worldwide .
How quickly does nasopharyngeal cancer progress?
The median growth rate was 1.63mm(3) per day and the median tumor doubling time was 279days. This study is the first report in the literature looking at the natural progression of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) based on clinical information.
How serious is nasopharyngeal cancer?
If the cancer is located only in the nasopharynx, the 5-year survival rate is 85%. If the cancer has spread to nearby tissues or organs and/or regional lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rate is 71%. If there is distant spread to other parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 49%.
What were your first symptoms of nasopharyngeal cancer?
The first symptom of nasopharynx cancer is usually a lump in the upper part of the neck.
Other signs and symptoms may include:
- Swelling of the neck.
- Persistent headaches.
- Nasal congestion (a blocked nose)
- Facial pain.
- Changes in hearing.
- Ringing in the ears.
- Many people have no symptoms.
How curable is nasopharyngeal carcinoma?
Many cancers of the nasopharynx can be cured, especially if they are found early. Descriptions of the common types of treatments used for NPC are listed below. Your care plan may also include treatment for symptoms and side effects, an important part of cancer care. The main treatment for NPC is radiation therapy.
What is stage 4 nasopharyngeal carcinoma?
In stage IVB, cancer has spread beyond the lymph nodes in the neck to distant lymph nodes, such as those between the lungs, below the collarbone, or in the armpit or groin, or to other parts of the body, such as the lung, bone, or liver.
What is the prognosis for stage 4 nasopharyngeal cancer?
Although NPC is a radiosensitive tumor, long-term survival for patients with advanced disease remains poor. According to recent studies,15,16 with RT alone, the 5-year survival rate for stage IV disease ranges between 28% and 35%.
Can nasopharyngeal cancer spread to the brain?
It is widely known that, although NPC can directly invade the skull base, true brain metastases of NPC are rare. The most common sites for distant NPC metastases are the bone, lung, and liver.
What is Stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer?
In stage 3 nasopharyngeal cancer, the cancer: Is found in the nasopharynx only or has spread from the nasopharynx to the oropharynx and/or to the nasal cavity. Cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes on both sides of the neck.
What is the leading cause of nasopharyngeal cancer?
There are 2 substances that greatly increase the risk of developing NPC: Tobacco. Tobacco use, including cigarettes, cigars, pipes, chewing tobacco, and snuff, is the single greatest risk factor for head and neck cancer. About 85% of head and neck cancer is linked to tobacco use.
Is nasopharyngeal cancer painful?
Most people with nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) notice a lump or mass in the neck that leads them to see a doctor. There may be lumps on both sides of the neck towards the back. The lumps are usually not tender or painful.
Can you feel nasopharyngeal cancer?
Can you feel nasopharyngeal cancer? Many people who develop nasopharyngeal tumors can feel small lumps on one or both sides of their neck. These lumps are not the tumors, but rather inflamed lymph nodes. Most lymph nodes are very small and cannot be felt.