Which body system does throat cancer affect?
Throat cancer can affect either the pharynx or larynx and there are a variety of different types, based on where the cancer is found. Squamous cell cancer of the throat can spread to other areas of the body including the lungs, bone and liver.
What happens if you are diagnosed with throat cancer?
Your doctor may be able to reconstruct your throat to allow you to swallow food. Surgery to remove cancerous lymph nodes (neck dissection). If throat cancer has spread deep within your neck, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove some or all of the lymph nodes to see if they contain cancer cells.
What is the cause of throat cancer?
Throat Cancer Causes & Risk Factors. Throat cancer (including cancers of the larynx and tonsils) can affect anyone. Major risk factors include infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) as well as tobacco and alcohol use.
Can throat cancer be cured completely?
Long-term outlook for throat cancer
If diagnosed early, throat cancer has a high survival rate. Throat cancer may not be curable once malignant cells spread to parts of the body beyond the neck and head. However, those diagnosed can continue treatment to prolong their life and slow the progression of the disease.
Does throat cancer develop quickly?
Throat cancer is a rare form of cancer that develops in the throat, larynx or tonsils. Some of its most common symptoms include a persistent sore throat and/or cough, difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, ear pain and a neck mass. It can develop quickly, which is why early diagnosis is key to successful treatment.
How do you feel when you have throat cancer?
Trouble swallowing: Throat cancer can cause pain or a burning sensation when chewing and swallowing food. You might feel like food is sticking in your throat. A lump in your neck: You may have a lump in your neck caused by an enlarged lymph node.
How long can you live with throat cancer?
Around 90 out of 100 adults (around 90%) will survive their cancer for 5 years or more after diagnosis. Stage 1 laryngeal cancer is only in one part of the larynx and the vocal cords are still able to move. The cancer has not spread to nearby tissues, lymph nodes or other organs.
How can you detect throat cancer at home?
- Check the neck for lumps.
- Look at lips and cheeks.
- Bite gently; look at gums.
- Open mouth. Look at tongue (top, bottom, sides), back of the throat, the roof of the mouth, and under the tongue using a flashlight and mirror.
What age does throat cancer occur?
Most people diagnosed with laryngeal cancer are 55 or older; a very small number of people diagnosed are younger than 55. The average age of people diagnosed with laryngeal cancer is about 66.
What are the odds of beating throat cancer?
According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) , the 5-year relative survival rate for the most advanced stage of throat cancer is 39.1 percent.
Does throat cancer show up in blood tests?
Although there is no specific blood test that detects laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer, several laboratory tests, including blood and urine tests, may be done to help determine the diagnosis and learn more about the disease. Laryngoscopy. A laryngoscopy can be performed in 3 ways: Indirect laryngoscopy.
What does throat cancer feel like in the beginning?
The early symptoms of throat cancer may be similar to a cold in the early stages (e.g., a persistent sore throat). Sore throat and hoarseness that persists for more than two weeks. The early symptoms of throat cancer may be similar to a cold in the early stages (e.g., a persistent sore throat).
How do you know if you have mouth or throat cancer?
Signs & Symptoms of Mouth & Throat Cancer
Sores in the mouth or on the lips that do not heal – most common symptom. Patches of red or white tissue on the interior of the mouth. Thickening or lumps in the cheek or on the lip, mouth, neck or throat. Persistent sore throat or ticklish throat.