What are the primary risk factors for testicular cancer?
One of the main risk factors for testicular cancer is a condition called cryptorchidism, or undescended testicle(s). This means that one or both testicles fail to move from the abdomen (belly) into the scrotum before birth.
What is the most important risk factor for prostate cancer?
The most common risk factor is age. The older a man is, the greater the chance of getting prostate cancer. Some men are at increased risk for prostate cancer. You are at increased risk for getting or dying from prostate cancer if you are African-American or have a family history of prostate cancer.
Link Between Testicular And Prostate Cancer
Recently, studies have shown that there may be a link between the two cancers. Men who have had testicular cancer may have a higher risk to develop prostate cancer later in life. Although both cancers are highly treatable, detection remains the key to survival.
What is the main cause of prostate cancer?
On a basic level, prostate cancer is caused by changes in the DNA of a normal prostate cell. DNA is the chemical in our cells that makes up our genes, which control how our cells function. We usually look like our parents because they are the source of our DNA. But DNA affects more than just how we look.
What are 5 warning signs of testicular cancer?
Five Common Signs of Testicular Cancer
- A painless lump, swelling or enlargement of one or both testes.
- Pain or heaviness in the scrotum.
- A dull ache or pressure in the groin, abdomen or low back.
- A general feeling of malaise, including unexplained fatigue, fever, sweating, coughing, shortness of breath or mild chest pains.
What are the four stages of prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer stages range from 1 through 4.
- Stage 1 means the cancer is on one side of the prostate. …
- Stage 2 means the cancer remains confined to the prostate gland. …
- Stage 3 means the cancer is locally advanced. …
- Stage 4 means the cancer has spread to lymph nodes or to other parts of the body.
At what age does prostate cancer occur?
Age. Prostate cancer mainly affects men over 50, and your risk increases as you get older. The most common age for men to be diagnosed with prostate cancer is between 65 and 69 years. If you’re under 50, your risk of being diagnosed with prostate cancer is very low, but it is possible.