What are the 4 main types of thyroid cancer?
Types of thyroid cancer
- Papillary thyroid cancer. Papillary thyroid cancer develops from follicular cells and usually grow slowly. …
- Follicular thyroid cancer. …
- Hurthle cell cancer. …
- Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). …
- Anaplastic thyroid cancer.
Is there different types of papillary carcinoma?
The most common variants include conventional, follicular variant and tall cell variant. However, many other uncommon variants have been described including oncocytic, columnar cell, diffuse sclerosing and solid forms.
What is the difference between papillary and follicular thyroid cancer?
In most cases, it is associated with a good prognosis, although it is somewhat more aggressive than papillary cancer. Follicular carcinomas do not usually spread to nearby lymph nodes, but they are more likely than papillary cancers to spread to other organs, like the lungs or the bones.
How do I know what type of thyroid cancer I have?
The actual diagnosis of thyroid cancer is made with a biopsy, in which cells from the suspicious area are removed and looked at in the lab. If your doctor thinks a biopsy is needed, the simplest way to find out if a thyroid lump or nodule is cancerous is with a fine needle aspiration (FNA) of the thyroid nodule.
Which type of thyroid cancer is most common?
There are 4 main types of thyroid cancer: papillary carcinoma – the most common type, accounting for about 8 in 10 cases; it usually affects people under 40, particularly women. follicular carcinoma – accounts for up to 1 in 10 cases and tends to affect middle-aged adults, particularly women.
What is the main cause of thyroid cancer?
The cause of thyroid cancer is unknown, but certain risk factors have been identified and include a family history of goiter, exposure to high levels of radiation, and certain hereditary syndromes.
What is suspicious papillary carcinoma?
When a thyroid nodule biopsy is read as either papillary cancer or suspicious for papillary cancer, surgery with a total thyroidectomy is usually recommended. Recently, a new term has been used to describe a type of papillary thyroid cancer which was non-invasive and of the follicular type.
What causes papillary carcinoma?
The exact cause of papillary carcinoma of the thyroid is unknown. There may be a genetic mutation involved but more research is need to confirm this hypothesis. One risk factor for the disease is exposure of the head, neck, or chest to radiation.
What are 2 types of thyroid disorders?
The two main types of thyroid disease are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both conditions can be caused by other diseases that impact the way the thyroid gland works. Conditions that can cause hypothyroidism include: Thyroiditis: This condition is an inflammation (swelling) of the thyroid gland.
What do you feel when you have thyroid cancer?
Most often, thyroid cancer causes a lump and/or swelling of the neck, but it may also cause difficulty breathing or swallowing, as well as vocal hoarseness. Other symptoms include neck pain that may radiate up to your ears or a persistent cough not caused by illness.
Where Does thyroid cancer spread first?
Most patients with thyroid cancer have the cancer contained in the thyroid at the time of diagnosis. About 30% will have metastatic cancer, with most having spread of the cancer to the lymph nodes in the neck and only 1-4% having spread of the cancer outside of the neck to other organs such as the lungs and bone.
What are early warning signs of thyroid cancer?
Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer
- A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly.
- Swelling in the neck.
- Pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears.
- Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away.
- Trouble swallowing.
- Trouble breathing.
- A constant cough that is not due to a cold.