What are the main risk factors for cervical cancer?

What are two major risk factors for getting cervical cancer?

The following factors may raise a person’s risk of developing cervical cancer:

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The most important risk factor for cervical cancer is infection with HPV. …
  • Immune system deficiency. …
  • Herpes. …
  • Smoking. …
  • Age. …
  • Socioeconomic factors. …
  • Oral contraceptives. …
  • Exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES).

What is the number one cause of cervical cancer?

It occurs most often in women over age 30. Long-lasting infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer.

Who is more susceptible to cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is most frequently diagnosed in women between the ages of 35 and 44 with the average age at diagnosis being 50 . It rarely develops in women younger than 20. Many older women do not realize that the risk of developing cervical cancer is still present as they age.

Can cervical cancer be cured completely?

Cervical cancer is generally viewed as treatable and curable, particularly if it is diagnosed when the cancer is in an early stage. This disease occurs in the cervix, or the passageway that joins the lower section of the uterus to the vagina.

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Is cervical cancer painful?

A sign of cervical cancer is pelvic pain, especially continuous pain. Pelvic pain near the appendix doesn’t usually occur unless the cancer is in advanced stages. There will usually be other cervical cancer red flags before pelvic pain occurs.

What happens to your body when you have cervical cancer?

What Is Cervical Cancer? Cervical cancer happens when cells change in women’s cervix, which connects the uterus and vagina. This cancer can affect the deeper tissues of their cervix and may spread to other parts of their body (metastasize), often the lungs, liver, bladder, vagina, and rectum.

Can a man give a woman cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is not infectious. Your partner can’t catch it from you. This can be confusing because cervical cancer is linked to the human papilloma virus (HPV). This virus increases the risk of some cancers and can be passed between sexual partners.

What is the mortality rate of cervical cancer?

The 5-year survival rate for all people with cervical cancer is 66%. However, survival rates can vary by factors such as race, ethnicity, and age. For white women, the 5-year survival rate is 71%.

Can cervical cancer develop in 2 years?

Cervical cancer is a slow-growing malignancy. In fact, once cells in the cervix begin to undergo abnormal changes, it can take several years for the cells to grow into invasive cervical cancer.