What causes polyps on your cervix?

Are polyps on the cervix common?

These bumps inside your cervix are pretty common. They’re most common in women over age 20 who’ve given birth to more than one child. They’re rare in girls who haven’t started their period. Most cervical polyps are benign (not cancer).

Should cervical polyps be removed?

Most polyps are small, about 1 centimeter to 2 centimeters long. Because rare types of cancerous conditions can look like polyps, all polyps should be removed and examined for signs of cancer. The cause of cervical polyps is not well understood, but they are associated with inflammation of the cervix.

How do you prevent cervical polyps?

Most cases of cervical polyps are not possible to prevent. However, having regular pelvic examinations and Pap smear tests should ensure that doctors can catch any polyps and treat them early on. It is possible that some infections could contribute to cervical polyps developing.

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Should I be worried about a polyp on my cervix?

Polyps on the cervix may not cause any noticeable symptoms. However, see your gynecologist right away if you experience vaginal discharge of white or yellow mucus, or abnormally heavy periods. You should also call your doctor if you experience vaginal spotting or bleeding: after sexual intercourse.

Can polyps on cervix cause miscarriage?

The presence of cervical polyps and/or polypectomy during pregnancy may have markedly increased the risk of spontaneous miscarriage or PTB. It may be preferable not to perform polypectomy on pregnant patients with cervical polyp, particularly with decidual polyps, except for suspected malignancy [14].

How do you treat polyps in the cervix?

How are cervical polyps treated?

  1. To remove it, the polyp is gently twisted using an instrument called polyp forceps until the polyp tissue comes away from your cervix and is removed. …
  2. After removal of your polyp, there may be light bleeding and slight cramping for a few days.

What happens after polyp removal from cervix?

You may have some watery discharge or get some light bleeding following the procedure. We recommend that you wear sanitary pads (not tampons) until your next period and avoid sexual intercourse until the discharge stops. If you have had the polyp twisted off the discharge may last up to one week.

Do cervical polyps bleed all the time?

Approximately half of women with uterine polyps have irregular periods. Other symptoms include prolonged or excessive menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia), bleeding between periods, and bleeding after menopause or sexual intercourse. Uterine polyps are the cause of abnormal bleeding in about 25 percent of these cases.

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How often are cervical polyps cancerous?

As mentioned earlier, cervical polyps are benign in most cases, although they may be malignant in 0.2 to 1.5% of the cases. The removal of cervical polyps is a simple procedure with low complications. Women who have previously had polyps are at risk of recurrence.

What does cervical polyp bleeding look like?

Symptoms of Cervical Polyps

Some polyps bleed between menstrual periods or after intercourse. Rarely, polyps become infected, causing a puslike discharge from the vagina. Polyps are usually reddish pink and less than 1/2 inch (about 1 centimeter) in diameter.

Are cervical polyps hard or soft?

Cervical polyps appear smooth, with a red or purple color, and protrude from the cervical canal. If the cervical polyp is larger than expected, your healthcare provider may order a pelvic ultrasound to evaluate the possibility of a prolapsed endometrial polyp or fibroid.

Can polyps disappear on their own?

Smaller polyps are often not noticeable, or can go away on their own, but problematic polyps can be treated with medications, non-invasive surgery, and/or lifestyle changes.

How long does it take to recover from cervical polyp removal?

Recovery from a polypectomy usually takes about 2 weeks. Patients may feel pain following the procedure, particularly immediately after the procedure.

Can a polyp block cervix?

Polyps can also cause increased vaginal discharge. Rarely, they grow large enough to block the cervical canal, causing infertility.

Can a doctor tell if a polyp is cancerous by looking at it?

During a colonoscopy all polyps are removed regardless of their size or how they look. Only then can they be evaluated for any problems. In most cases they are benign, but only by testing them can your physician determine if they are harmless, in the pre-cancerous state, or malignant.

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