What causes superficial bladder cancer?

What does superficial bladder cancer mean?

Superficial bladder cancer is also called non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. This type of bladder cancer is found on the surface of the inside lining of the bladder. It is the most common type of bladder cancer, and is found in about 75% of new patients with bladder cancer.

What is the main cause of bladder cancer?

Smoking is the single biggest risk factor for bladder cancer. This is because tobacco contains cancer-causing (carcinogenic) chemicals. If you smoke for many years, these chemicals pass into your bloodstream and are filtered by the kidneys into your urine.

What is the treatment for superficial bladder cancer?

The main treatment for superficial bladder cancer is TURBT or TUR (transurethral resection), which is used to remove the entire tumor. That may be all you need at this time. The tumor grade will help determine if you need further treatment. In some cases, you may need chemotherapy.

What is high grade superficial bladder cancer?

High grade means your cancer is more likely to grow spread and come back after treatment. For example, if you have early (superficial) bladder cancer but the cells are high grade, you’re more likely to need further treatment after surgery. This is to reduce the risk of your cancer coming back.

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Is bladder cancer curable if caught early?

Bladder cancer is usually treatable when caught at an early stage but more challenging to address when found later. Recurrence also poses a risk, even with early-stage tumors, so regular surveillance is essential following treatment or surgery.

Why do you bleed with bladder cancer?

Most patients diagnosed with bladder cancer have cancer cells that begin to grow in the inner lining of the bladder. These cells can gather together and form tumors in the bladder lining, which can cause bleeding.

Is bladder cancer a death sentence?

Bladder cancer is not a death sentence. With chemotherapy and a healthy lifestyle, many people have recovered and are enjoying life cancer-free. After years of successful treatment for bladder cancer, the medical industry has learned a lot about bladder cancer.

Do you feel ill with bladder cancer?

Feeling weak or fatigued: You may feel lethargic and extremely tired a lot of the time. Bone pain: If your cancer has spread to the bone, it can cause bone pain or a bone fracture.

Can you have bladder cancer for years and not know it?

Even after reporting the problem to their doctors, blood in the urine may be initially misdiagnosed. It may be seen as a symptom of post-menopausal bleeding, simple cystitis or as a urinary tract infection. As a result, a bladder cancer diagnosis can be overlooked for a year or more.

What are the symptoms of late stage bladder cancer?

What can I expect if I have stage 4 bladder cancer?

  • blood or blood clots in your urine.
  • pain or burning during urination.
  • frequent urination.
  • needing to urinate at night.
  • needing to urinate but not being able to.
  • lower back pain on one side of the body.
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Is there pain with bladder cancer?

When it’s in its earliest stages, bladder cancer doesn’t usually cause much pain. Some people have no pain whatsoever, while others may experience pain or burning when they urinate. Blood in the urine, either microscopic or visible to the naked eye, is commonly the first sign of bladder cancer.

How long can you live with superficial bladder cancer?

According to the American Cancer Society , the relative survival rates for all stages of bladder cancer are: 5 years: 77 percent. 10 years: 70 percent. 15 years: 65 percent.