Are there environmental or health factors that can cause Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
Exposure to pesticides has been associated with an increased incidence of Hodgkin’s disease in some, but not all, clinical studies. Exposure to low levels of radiation may cause an increased incidence of Hodgkin’s disease.
Which factors increase the risk of developing Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
Risk factors for Hodgkin lymphoma include:
- Age. Hodgkin lymphoma occurs most often in people in their 20 and 30s or after age 55.
- Gender. More men than women get Hodgkin lymphoma.
- Family history. …
- Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. …
- HIV infection. …
- Weakened immune system.
What is the main cause of Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
Hodgkin lymphoma is caused by a change (mutation) in the DNA of a type of white blood cell called B lymphocytes, although the exact reason why this happens isn’t known. The DNA gives the cells a basic set of instructions, such as when to grow and reproduce.
What is the main cause of lymphoma?
Doctors aren’t sure what causes lymphoma. But it begins when a disease-fighting white blood cell called a lymphocyte develops a genetic mutation. The mutation tells the cell to multiply rapidly, causing many diseased lymphocytes that continue multiplying.
Can stress cause lymphoma?
There is no evidence that stress can make lymphoma (or any type of cancer) worse. Remember: scientists have found no evidence to suggest that there’s anything you have, or have not done, to cause you to develop lymphoma. It is important, however, to find ways to manage stress.
Can lymphoma be caused by environmental factors?
Environmental risk factors suggested for other types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) include exposure to ionizing radiation (both lifetime and antenatal), pesticides, and, in utero exposure to cigarette smoke, benzene and nitrogen dioxide (via the mother).
Who is likely to lymphoma?
Age. People between the ages of 15 and 40 and people older than 55 are more likely to develop Hodgkin lymphoma. Gender. In general, men are slightly more likely to develop Hodgkin lymphoma than women, although the nodular sclerosis subtype is more common in women (see the Introduction).
What is high risk lymphoma?
In high-risk Hodgkin lymphoma, the cancer is in a later stage or is causing B symptoms like fever, drenching night sweats, or weight loss. This could include stages IIIB and IVB. Patients not in either of these categories are usually considered to have intermediate-risk Hodgkin lymphoma.
What is the prognosis for Hodgkin’s lymphoma?
The 5-year survival rate for all people with Hodgkin lymphoma is 87%. If the cancer is found in its earliest stages, the 5-year survival rate is 91%. If the cancer spreads regionally, the 5-year survival rate is 94%. If the cancer has spread to different parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 81%.
Can Hodgkin’s lymphoma be completely cured?
Overall, treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma is highly effective and most people with the condition are eventually cured.
How long can you have Hodgkin’s lymphoma without knowing?
These grow so slowly that patients can live for many years mostly without symptoms, although some may experience pain from an enlarged lymph gland. After five to 10 years, low-grade disorders begin to progress rapidly to become aggressive or high-grade and produce more severe symptoms.
Is lymphoma treatable in adults?
Lymphoma is very treatable, and the outlook can vary depending on the type of lymphoma and its stage. Your doctor can help you find the right treatment for your type and stage of the illness. Lymphoma is different from leukemia. Each of these cancers starts in a different type of cell.
What was your first lymphoma symptom?
The best way to find HL early is to be on the lookout for possible symptoms. The most common symptom is enlargement or swelling of one or more lymph nodes, causing a lump or bump under the skin which usually doesn’t hurt. It’s most often on the side of the neck, in the armpit, or in the groin.
What can lymphoma be mistaken for?
Conditions that non-Hodgkin Lymphoma is commonly misdiagnosed as include:
- Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
- Cat scratch fever.
How long can you live with lymphoma without treatment?
Most people with indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma will live 20 years after diagnosis. Faster-growing cancers (aggressive lymphomas) have a worse prognosis. They fall into the overall five-year survival rate of 60%.