What does pT1 mean in cancer?
Recognition of early invasion (stage pT1) in urothelial neoplasia is one of the most challenging areas in bladder pathology, and reproducibility between pathologists is a major issue.
What does T2 N1 M0 mean?
T2, N1, M0: The tumor is larger than 2 cm and less than 5 cm across (T2). It has spread to 1 to 3 axillary lymph nodes and/or tiny amounts of cancer are found in internal mammary lymph nodes on sentinel lymph node biopsy (N1). The cancer hasn’t spread to distant sites (M0).
Is a 5mm breast mass big?
In T1a breast cancer, the tumor size is less than or equal to 5 millimeters (mm); in T1b, the tumor size is greater than 5 mm, but less than or equal to 10 mm. T1a and T1b breast cancers without lymph node spread have excellent long-term outcomes, with more than 95% of women alive at 10 years.
What does primary tumor pT1c mean?
The definition of pT1c stage finding depends on the particular type of cancer that it refers to; for example, for breast cancer, pT1c stage finding is defined as follows: cancer with tumor size more than 1.0 cm, but not more than 2.0 cm in greatest dimension; for fallopian tube cancer, pT1c stage finding is defined as …
What size tumor is considered large?
By taking the median tumor size as the standard, the study defined tumors less than 3 cm in size as small tumors and those that are more than 3 cm in size as large tumors in EGC.
What is the meaning of T1 N1 M0?
So if your cancer is rated T1 N1 M0, you’ll know your prospects look fairly good. The main tumor was small, and although a little bit of cancer was found in your lymph nodes, the disease hasn’t reached other parts of the body.
What is stage 4 nasopharyngeal carcinoma?
In stage IVB, cancer has spread beyond the lymph nodes in the neck to distant lymph nodes, such as those between the lungs, below the collarbone, or in the armpit or groin, or to other parts of the body, such as the lung, bone, or liver.
Can a 2 cm breast mass be benign?
In conclusion, US-CNB of probably benign breast lesions with benign biopsy results 2 cm or larger was accurate (98.6%) enough to rule out malignancy. But, it was difficult to rule out borderline lesions even after they were diagnosed as benign through US-CNB.
What stage is a 2 cm tumor?
Background. Node-negative breast cancers from 2 cm to 5 cm in size are classified as stage ii, and smaller cancers, as stage i.
What does grade 3 invasive ductal carcinoma mean?
A lower grade number (1) usually means the cancer is slower-growing and less likely to spread. A higher number (3) means a faster-growing cancer that’s more likely to spread.