Where did the word tumor come from?
The Roman physician, Celsus (28-50 BC), later translated the Greek term into cancer, the Latin word for crab. Galen (130-200 AD), another Greek physician, used the word oncos (Greek for swelling) to describe tumors.
What does tumor mean?
(TOO-mer) An abnormal mass of tissue that forms when cells grow and divide more than they should or do not die when they should. Tumors may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).
Who invented tumor?
The disease was first called cancer by Greek physician Hippocrates (460-370 BC). He is considered the “Father of Medicine.” Hippocrates used the terms carcinos and carcinoma to describe non-ulcer forming and ulcer-forming tumors. In Greek this means a crab.
What is a word for cancerous?
Malignant (muh-LIG-nunt): cancerous. Malignancy is another word for cancer. Metastasis (meh-TAS-tuh-sis): the spread of cancer from one part of the body to another.
Which methods can a physician use to identify a cancer’s stage?
The clinical stage is an estimate of the extent of the cancer based on results of physical exams, imaging tests (x-rays, CT scans, etc.), endoscopy exams, and any biopsies that are done before treatment starts. For some cancers, the results of other tests, such as blood tests, are also used in clinical staging.
What happens during tumor?
In general, tumors occur when cells divide and grow excessively in the body. Normally, the body controls cell growth and division. New cells are created to replace older ones or to perform new functions. Cells that are damaged or no longer needed die to make room for healthy replacements.
Which is the best definition for the word tumor?
1 : an abnormal benign or malignant new growth of tissue that possesses no physiological function and arises from uncontrolled usually rapid cellular proliferation. — called also neoplasm.
What are the two types of tumor?
There are two general types of tumors: benign (non-cancerous) tumors and malignant (cancerous) tumors. A benign tumor is composed of cells that will not invade other unrelated tissues or organs of the body, although it may continue to grow in size abnormally.
Can Tumours be non cancerous?
A non-cancerous (benign) soft tissue tumour is a growth that does not spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. Non-cancerous tumours are not usually life-threatening. They are typically removed with surgery and do not usually come back (recur).
Are cancers tumors?
What is the difference between a tumor and cancer? Cancer is a disease in which cells, almost anywhere in the body, begin to divide uncontrollably. A tumor is when this uncontrolled growth occurs in solid tissue such as an organ, muscle, or bone.
How do doctors do chemotherapy?
Chemotherapy is most often given as an infusion into a vein (intravenously). The drugs can be given by inserting a tube with a needle into a vein in your arm or into a device in a vein in your chest. Chemotherapy pills. Some chemotherapy drugs can be taken in pill or capsule form.
What is in a tumor?
In general, a tumor is a swollen mass of tissue that arises from the uncontrolled division of cells. In addition to being either malignant or benign, tumors can be either solid or liquid. Solid tumors get their names, such as sarcomas, carcinomas, and lymphomas, from the type of cell that forms them.