Which treatment strategy increases the risk of developing tumor lysis syndrome?
The risk is particularly high when patients have very high serum phosphorus levels and require intravenous calcium to treat symptomatic hypocalcemia. High solute concentration, low solubility, and slow urine flow make crystallization more likely and therefore increase the risk for tumor lysis syndrome.
What is a probable complication in a patient with cancer on cyclophosphamide therapy?
Tumor lysis syndrome: like other cytotoxic drugs, cyclophosphamide may induce tumor-lysis syndrome and hyperuricemia in patients with rapidly growing tumors.
Which treatment should be provided to reduce the symptoms of superior vena cava SVC syndrome quizlet?
Radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment for most patients.
Which component is released into the bloodstream after the destruction of tumor cells?
However, most cancer cells in the bloodstream and bone marrow of patients with acute leukemia are destroyed with chemotherapy. As cells lyse and die, they release intracellular components into the bloodstream. Large amounts of potassium and phosphate are released, along with purine nucleic acids.
What are the signs and symptoms of tumor lysis syndrome?
Symptoms of TLS include:
- muscle cramps or twitches.
- numbness or tingling.
- decreased urination.
Which condition is associated with tumor lysis syndrome?
Although tumor lysis syndrome has been reported with virtually every type of tumor, it is typically associated with bulky, rapidly proliferating, treatment-responsive tumors —typically, acute leukemias and high-grade non-Hodgkin lymphomas such as Burkitt lymphoma.
What types of cancer is cyclophosphamide used to treat?
Cyclophosphamide is used alone or in combination with other medications to treat Hodgkin’s lymphoma (Hodgkin’s disease) and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (types of cancer that begin in a type of white blood cells that normally fights infection); cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL, a group of cancers of the immune system that …
Which complications may occur due to bone metastasis?
The major skeletal complications associated with bone metastases include: cancer-induced bone pain, hypercalcemia, pathological bone fractures, metastatic epidural spinal cord compression, and cancer cachexia.
What type of cancer has been associated with Down syndrome?
Down syndrome (trisomy 21): Children with Down syndrome have an extra (third) copy of chromosome 21. They are many times more likely to develop either acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) than are other children, with an overall risk of about 2% to 3%.
Which treatment should be provided to reduce the symptoms of superior vena cava SVC syndrome?
Your chemotherapy or radiation therapy for cancer can also help treat SVCS. Other treatments that can help include: Raising your head when you lie down. Medications called corticosteroids, which can lower swelling and inflammation.
Which complication would the health care provider monitor for in an individual who develops thrombocytopenia after receiving chemotherapy?
Blood Clotting Problems
Cells that help blood to clot, called platelets, are another type of blood cell that can be affected during cancer treatment, especially chemo. Low platelets, or thrombocytopenia, can lead to bleeding.
Which viruses are responsible for specific cancers select all that apply?
Epstein-Barr virus, human papilloma virus, hepatitis B virus, and human herpes virus-8 are the four DNA viruses that are capable of causing the development of human cancers. Human T lymphotrophic virus type 1 and hepatitis C viruses are the two RNA viruses that contribute to human cancers.