Who does colon cancer most commonly affect?

Who is commonly affected by colon cancer?

Age. The risk of colorectal cancer increases as people get older. Colorectal cancer can occur in young adults and teenagers, but the majority of colorectal cancers occur in people older than 50. For colon cancer, the average age at the time of diagnosis for men is 68 and for women is 72.

Why is colon cancer more common in males?

Conclusions. As there are minimal sex differences in the data from routes to diagnosis to survival, the higher mortality of colorectal cancer in men appears to be a result of exogenous and/or endogenous factors pre-diagnosis that lead to higher incidence rates.

What was your first colon cancer symptom?

A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool. Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool. Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain. A feeling that your bowel doesn’t empty completely.

What happens if they find cancer during a colonoscopy?

Usually if a suspected colorectal cancer is found by any screening or diagnostic test, it is biopsied during a colonoscopy. In a biopsy, the doctor removes a small piece of tissue with a special instrument passed through the scope. Less often, part of the colon may need to be surgically removed to make the diagnosis.

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How long does it take for colon cancer to get to stage 4?

Colon cancer, or cancer that begins in the lower part of the digestive tract, usually forms from a collection of benign (noncancerous) cells called an adenomatous polyp. Most of these polyps will not become malignant (cancerous), but some can slowly turn into cancer over the course of about 10-15 years.

Should I be worried about colon cancer?

You may think you don’t have to worry about colorectal cancer until you’re 50. That’s the age doctors recommend most patients get a colorectal cancer screening. But colorectal cancer in those under age 35 is on the rise. By 2030, colon cancer cases are expected to increase by 90%.

How can colon cancer be detected without a colonoscopy?

Beyond colonoscopy, screening methods for colorectal cancer include:

  1. Fecal immunochemical testing. Fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) involves analyzing stool samples. …
  2. Fecal occult blood testing. …
  3. Stool DNA. …
  4. Sigmoidoscopy. …
  5. CT colonography. …
  6. Double-contrast barium enema. …
  7. A single-specimen gFOBT.

Is colon cancer aggressive or slow growing?

In general, colorectal cancers tend to be slow growing, gradually enlarging and eventually penetrating the bowel wall. When they do spread, it is usually through invasion of nearby lymph nodes. In fact, cancer cells may enter a lymph node even before the tumor penetrates through the intestinal wall.

Where does bowel cancer usually start?

This produces a lump of tissue called a tumour. Bowel cancer usually first develops inside clumps of cells called polyps on the inner lining of the bowel. However, it does not necessarily mean you’ll get bowel cancer if you develop polyps. Some polyps go away by themselves, and some do not change.

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