What are the odds of colon cancer returning?
For most people, colorectal cancer doesn’t come back, or “recur.” But in about 35% to 40% of people who get surgery with or without chemotherapy, the cancer may come back within 3 to 5 years of treatment. If this happens, it could be in the colon or rectum, or in another part of the body, such as the liver and lungs.
How quickly can colon cancer return?
“Your risk of recurrent colon cancer changes with time.”
After a first colon cancer, 80% of recurrences happen in the first two to three years. “We check the blood every three to six months so we can check a tumor marker, and we’ll do an annual CT scan and periodic colonoscopies.
How common is a recurrence of colon cancer?
The most common site of recurrence was liver in colon cancer and locoregional in rectal cancer. The cumulative recurrence rate in colon cancer was 100% at 4 years. In rectal cancer, it was 89% at 5 years, 98% at 7 years and 100% at 10 years.
Where does colon cancer usually come back?
Colon cancer often spreads first to nearby lymph nodes. From there it may spread to other parts of the body, usually to the liver. It may also spread to the lungs, bones, or other organs in the body. Rectal cancer may spread directly to the lungs, bypassing the liver.
How long does it take for colon cancer to metastasize?
They don’t need to acquire any new genetic mutations to become metastatic. The research also suggests that once a colon carcinoma develops, if it is going to spread outside the colon, it will do so in less than two years.
How can I prevent colon cancer from returning?
Eliminate or greatly reduce foods associated with colorectal cancer recurrence, such as red and processed meats, refined and heavily processed grains, and a high intake of sugar, and adopt a diet with a foundation of minimally processed plant foods. These include fruits, vegetables, beans, nuts and whole grains.
Is stage three colon cancer curable?
A stage III colon cancer has about a 40 percent chance of cure and a patient with a stage IV tumor has only a 10 percent chance of a cure. Chemotherapy is used after surgery in many colon cancers which are stage II, III, and IV as it has been shown that it increases the survival rates.
Can colon cancer go into remission?
A cure where the cancer is totally eradicated and will never return is rare at stage 4. However, remission, where symptoms are reduced or gone for a time, is possible.
Can you live a long life with colon cancer?
The majority of patients diagnosed with colon cancer can be treated and will go on to live normal lives. The earlier we identify the lesion, the less likely the tumor will have spread to other parts of your body.
Can colon cancer be completely cured?
Cancer of the colon is a highly treatable and often curable disease when localized to the bowel. Surgery is the primary form of treatment and results in cure in approximately 50% of the patients. Recurrence following surgery is a major problem and is often the ultimate cause of death.
What is the 10 year survival rate for colon cancer?
Overall survival declined from 74.6% at one year, to 43.8% at five years, and only 33% at 10 years. There was a statistical difference in overall survival according to gender, age and stage at diagnosis.