Is a testicular mass always cancer?
The majority of lumps found in the testicle are not caused by cancer. Testicle lumps are more commonly caused by fluid collecting, an infection, or swelling of skin or veins. However, it is not possible to diagnose the cause of a lump at home. A person should always seek medical advice.
Are the testicular tumors benign or malignant?
Testicular cancer, which is most common in men between the ages of 20 and 40, begins when cells in the testicles grow uncontrollably, forming a mass called a tumor. A tumor may be benign, or noncancerous, meaning it does not spread; or it may be malignant, or cancerous, meaning it can spread to other parts of the body.
What percent of testicular masses are malignant?
What are the types of testicular cancer? There are two primary types of testicular cancers: seminoma and non-seminoma. Seminoma arises from young germ cells, grows slowly, and stays relatively immobile. Between 30 percent and 40 percent of testicular cancers are seminomas.
Can testicular lumps be non cancerous?
Lumps or swelling on your testicles — or scrotal masses — are usually benign (not cancerous). But lumps can sometimes be a sign of another condition; in rare cases they may be a sign of testicular cancer. A doctor should examine your testicles and scrotum to find the cause of any lumps or swelling.
Can a testicular mass be benign?
A non-cancerous (benign) tumour of the testicle is a growth that does not spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. Non-cancerous tumours are not usually life-threatening. They are typically removed with surgery and do not usually come back (recur).
How long can you live with untreated testicular cancer?
The general 5-year survival rate for men with testicular cancer is 95%. This means that 95 men out of every 100 men diagnosed with testicular cancer will live at least 5 years after diagnosis. The survival rate is higher for people diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for those with later-stage cancer.
Can testicular tumors be removed?
Surgery to remove a testicle with cancer is called a radical inguinal orchiectomy. An incision (cut) is made just above the pubic area, and the testicle is gently removed from the scrotum through the opening. The surgeon then removes the entire tumor along with the testicle and spermatic cord.
How big is a testicular tumor?
Symptoms of testicular cancer may include: A painless lump or swelling on either testicle. If found early, a testicular tumor may be about the size of a pea or a marble, but it can grow much larger. Pain, discomfort, or numbness in a testicle or the scrotum, with or without swelling.
What is the most common type of testicular tumor?
The most common type of testis cancer is a germ cell tumor. There are two main types of GCT: seminoma and nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT). Both seminoma and NSGCT occur at about the same rate, and men can have seminoma, NSGCT or a combination of both.
What is a pea sized lump in testicle?
Epididymal cysts are very common and can happen at any age. They’re fluid-filled cysts (a tissue sac that can contain clear liquid or pus) that grow from the epididymis (a thin, coiled tube) of the testicle. Usually, they look like a pea-sized lump at the top of the testicle, but they can become larger.
How do testicular tumors usually present?
A lump or enlargement in either testicle. A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum. A dull ache in the abdomen or groin. A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum.
What does a testicular cyst look like?
A spermatocele (epididymal cyst) is a painless, fluid-filled cyst in the long, tightly coiled tube that lies above and behind each testicle (epididymis). The fluid in the cyst may contain sperm that are no longer alive. It feels like a smooth, firm lump in the scrotum on top of the testicle.