Is DCIS a true cancer?
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) means the cells that line the milk ducts of the breast have become cancer, but they have not spread into surrounding breast tissue. DCIS is considered non-invasive or pre-invasive breast cancer.
What percentage of DCIS becomes cancer?
” DCIS rarely leads to death from breast cancer – approximately 11 out of 100 women treated by lumpectomy only go on to develop invasive cancer within eight years of the initial diagnosis of DCIS, and only 1 to 2 percent of women die of breast cancer within 10 years of diagnosis.
Is DCIS serious?
DCIS is noninvasive and not life-threatening, but it has the potential to turn into something more serious. DCIS is fully diagnosed by a needle biopsy. Pathologists examine the abnormal cells to determine the grade of the DCIS and the hormone-receptor status.
Why is DCIS not cancer?
DCIS is considered a pre-cancer because sometimes it can become an invasive cancer. This means that over time, DCIS may spread out of the ducts into nearby tissue, and could metastasize. Currently, there’s no good way to predict which will become invasive cancer and which won’t.
Is DCIS 100 curable?
But DCIS is nearly 100 percent curable. Typically, the treatment is a small operation called lumpectomy, often but not always followed by radiation to the area.
Does DCIS ever go away?
Clusters of abnormal cells like D.C.I.S. can sometimes disappear, stop growing or simply remain in place and never cause a problem. The suspicion is that the abnormal cells may be harmless and may not require treatment.
How serious is ductal carcinoma?
DCIS isn’t life-threatening, but having DCIS can increase the risk of developing an invasive breast cancer later on. When you have had DCIS, you are at higher risk for the cancer coming back or for developing a new breast cancer than a person who has never had breast cancer before.
How quickly does DCIS spread?
Grade 1 DCIS is almost always ER and PR positive and is a very slow growing form of cancer. It can take years, even decades, to see progression of the disease. In some cases, it may take such a long time to spread beyond the breast duct that it is not an event that will happen during a person’s lifetime.
Why did I get DCIS?
DCIS forms when genetic mutations occur in the DNA of breast duct cells. The genetic mutations cause the cells to appear abnormal, but the cells don’t yet have the ability to break out of the breast duct. Researchers don’t know exactly what triggers the abnormal cell growth that leads to DCIS.
Should I have a mastectomy for DCIS?
If the DCIS is large, a mastectomy may be recommended. Removing the opposite breast usually isn’t recommended; chemotherapy usually isn’t recommended either. Hormonal therapy may be recommended if the DCIS is hormone-receptor-positive. DCIS is NOT invasive cancer.
What does ductal carcinoma in situ look like?
Although DCIS does not usually come with a noticeable lump, the doctor may be able to feel an abnormal growth in the breast, such as a small, hardened spot, during a physical examination. The doctor will also look for any skin changes, nipple changes or nipple discharge.
What are the symptoms of ductal carcinoma?
What are the symptoms of invasive ductal carcinoma?
- Lump in the breast.
- Thickening of the breast skin.
- Rash or redness of the breast.
- Swelling in one breast.
- New pain in one particular location of a breast.
- Dimpling around the nipple or on the breast skin.
- Nipple pain or the nipple turning inward.
- Nipple discharge.