What type of cancer is testicular?
The most common type of testis cancer is a germ cell tumor. There are two main types of GCT: seminoma and nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT). Both seminoma and NSGCT occur at about the same rate, and men can have seminoma, NSGCT or a combination of both.
What’s the difference between seminoma and nonseminoma?
Seminomas are very sensitive to radiation therapy. Nonseminoma: This more common type of testicular cancer tends to grow more quickly than seminomas. Nonseminoma tumors are often made up of more than one type of cell, and are identified according to these different cell types: Choriocarcinoma (rare)
What are the two types of germ cell tumors?
There are two types of germ cell tumors that start in the gonads, or reproductive organs: seminomas, which are slower-growing, and nonseminomas, which are faster-growing tumors. These germ cell tumors typically form during puberty.
What are germ cells tumors?
Germ cell tumors are growths of cells that form from reproductive cells. The tumors may be cancerous or not cancerous. Most germ cell tumors occur in the testicles or the ovaries.
Can you live a long life after testicular cancer?
The general 5-year survival rate for men with testicular cancer is 95%. This means that 95 men out of every 100 men diagnosed with testicular cancer will live at least 5 years after diagnosis. The survival rate is higher for people diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for those with later-stage cancer.
Can late stage testicular cancer be cured?
Even though stage III cancers have spread by the time they are found, most of them can still be cured. Both stage III seminomas and non-seminomas are treated with radical inguinal orchiectomy, followed by chemo.
Are all testicular masses cancerous?
Most testicular lumps are benign. Understand that lumps may be caused by other conditions: Often, testicular lumps are caused by something other than testicular cancer. Sometimes, an infection may cause swelling and tenderness.
Is non seminoma curable?
Patients with stage I testicular cancer of non-seminoma type have a primary cancer that is limited to the testes and is curable in more than 95% of cases. A variety of factors ultimately influence a patient’s decision to receive treatment of cancer.
Can germ cell tumor be cured?
Treatment for malignant tumors includes surgery or chemotherapy. The outlook depends on the stage of the cancer, the tumor’s size and whether it has spread to other parts of your body. Most germ cell tumors are treatable.
What is the survival rate of germ cell tumor?
The 5-year survival rate for teens ages 15 to 19 is 93%. The survival and cure rates also depend on several factors, including the stage of the disease. The cure rate for children with a stage I or stage II germ cell tumor is 90%. The cure rate for a stage III tumor is 87%.
How do you test for germ cell tumors?
In addition to a physical examination, the following tests may be used to diagnose a germ cell tumor:
- Biopsy. A biopsy is the removal of a small amount of tissue for examination under a microscope. …
- Blood tests. Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). …
- Ultrasound. …
- Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan. …
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).