What is the leading cause of testicular cancer?

What are the main causes of testicular cancer?

Risk factors for testicular cancer

  • Undescended testicles (cryptorchidism) Having undescended testicles (cryptorchidism) increases the risk of testicular cancer. …
  • Abnormal cells in the testicle (carcinoma in situ) …
  • Fertility problems. …
  • Previous testicular cancer. …
  • Family history. …
  • Hypospadias. …
  • Inguinal hernia. …
  • HIV or AIDS.

Who is most likely to get testicular cancer?

Testis cancer is most common in men in their late 20s and early 30s, with an average age of diagnosis of 33 years old. In fact, testis cancer is the most common malignancy among men 20 to 40 years old.

Is testicular cancer curable?

Testicular cancer is very curable. While a cancer diagnosis is always serious, the good news about testicular cancer is that it is treated successfully in 95% of cases. If treated early, the cure rate rises to 98%.

Is testicular cancer life threatening?

There is one thing they do know: Testicular cancer is among the most treatable cancers, even in an advanced stage. It is rarely life-threatening. Even if it has spread to nearby organs, you have an excellent chance of long-term survival.

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What are 5 warning signs of testicular cancer?

Five Common Signs of Testicular Cancer

  • A painless lump, swelling or enlargement of one or both testes.
  • Pain or heaviness in the scrotum.
  • A dull ache or pressure in the groin, abdomen or low back.
  • A general feeling of malaise, including unexplained fatigue, fever, sweating, coughing, shortness of breath or mild chest pains.

How long can you live with untreated testicular cancer?

The general 5-year survival rate for men with testicular cancer is 95%. This means that 95 men out of every 100 men diagnosed with testicular cancer will live at least 5 years after diagnosis. The survival rate is higher for people diagnosed with early-stage cancer and lower for those with later-stage cancer.

What is a man’s lifetime risk of dying from testicular cancer?

This is largely a disease of young and middle-aged men, but about 6% of cases occur in children and teens, and about 8% occur in men over the age of 55. Because testicular cancer usually can be treated successfully, a man’s lifetime risk of dying from this cancer is very low: about 1 in 5,000 .

How long can you have testicular cancer without knowing?

Very few men who have testicular cancer felt pain at first. Many men do not tell their health care provider about these signs. On average, men wait for about five months before saying anything. Since the tumor can spread during that time, it is vital to reach out to a urologist if you notice any of these signs.

Does testicular cancer grow fast?

There are two main types of testicular cancer – seminomas and nonseminomas. Seminomas tend to grow and spread more slowly than nonseminomas, which are more common, accounting for roughly 60 percent of all testicular cancers. How quickly a cancer spreads will vary from patient to patient.

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Is stage 4 testicular cancer curable?

Testicular cancers are highly curable, even in patients with metastatic disease at diagnosis. According to SEER data from 2009-2015, overall 5-year survival is 95.2%.

How can you tell if you got testicular cancer?

Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:

  • A lump or enlargement in either testicle.
  • A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum.
  • A dull ache in the abdomen or groin.
  • A sudden collection of fluid in the scrotum.
  • Pain or discomfort in a testicle or the scrotum.
  • Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts.
  • Back pain.

Where is the first place testicular cancer spreads?

Therefore, testis cancer has a very predictable pattern of spread. The first place these cancers typically spread is to the lymph nodes around the kidneys, an area called the retroperitoneum.

Do you lose weight with testicular cancer?

If the cancer has spread to lymph nodes or other parts of the body it may cause: pain in the back or lower abdomen. weight loss.