Best answer: Which of the following compound of platinum is used in cancer chemotherapy?

Which complex compound is used in chemotherapy?

Cisplatin and oxaliplatin are the most common and effective complexes in chemotherapy. These complexes are all in square planar d8 configuration.

What is a platinum chemotherapy?

Platinum-based antineoplastic drugs (informally called platins) are chemotherapeutic agents used to treat cancer. They are coordination complexes of platinum. These drugs are used to treat almost half of people receiving chemotherapy for cancer.

What drugs are used in cancer chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy Medicines

  • Abraxane (chemical name: albumin-bound or nab-paclitaxel)
  • Adriamycin (chemical name: doxorubicin)
  • carboplatin (brand name: Paraplatin)
  • Cytoxan (chemical name: cyclophosphamide)
  • daunorubicin (brand names: Cerubidine, DaunoXome)
  • Doxil (chemical name: doxorubicin)
  • Ellence (chemical name: epirubicin)

Which metal is used in chemotherapy of cancer?

Combination of Three Metals for the Treatment of Cancer: Gallium, Rhenium and Platinum.

Which complex has medicinal value?

Many coordination complexes have been used in medicine containing metals such as platinum (cisplatin as anticancer chemotherapy drug), gold (as auranofin used for rheumatoid arthritis), technetium and rhenium (as radiopharmaceuticals used in imaging and radiotherapy), ruthenium (as anticancer drug), gadolinium, cobalt, …

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What is the function of cisplatin and Taxol?

How does cisplatin + paclitaxel (Taxol) work? Each of the medications in cisplatin + paclitaxel are designed to kill cancer cells or slow the growth of cervical cancer cells. Goals of therapy: Cisplatin and paclitaxel, also known as “cis/taxol,” is given to shrink tumors and decrease symptoms from cervical cancer.

What is the most powerful chemotherapy?

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) is one of the most powerful chemotherapy drugs ever invented. It can kill cancer cells at every point in their life cycle, and it’s used to treat a wide variety of cancers.

Is there platinum in chemotherapy?

Platinum-based agents are important drugs or drug candidates for cancer chemotherapy. Traditional platinum drugs including the globally approved cisplatin, carboplatin and oxaliplatin are neutral platinum (II) complexes with two amine ligands and two additional ligands that can be aquated for further binding with DNA.

Why is platinum in chemotherapy?

The platinum compounds are largely used in the treatment of lung, breast, ovarian, and colon cancers. The chemotherapeutic mechanism of platinum compounds is typical of DNA-binding alkylating agents. If the DNA damage exceeds the ability of the cell to repair, the cell undergoes apoptotic cell death.

What are the five classes of chemotherapy drugs?

Cancer chemotherapy agents are classified according to their chemical nature and function. Some of the well known classes of cancer chemotherapy agents include alkylating agents, plant alkaloids, antimetabolites, anthracyclines, topoisomerase inhibitors and corticosteroids.

What is the best medicine for cancer?

Drugs used to treat Cancer

Drug name Rating Rx/OTC
View information about Adriamycin Adriamycin 10 Rx
Generic name: doxorubicin systemic Drug class: antibiotics/antineoplastics For consumers: dosage, interactions, side effects For professionals: Prescribing Information
View information about Leukeran Leukeran Rate Rx
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What are the newest chemotherapy drugs?

In 2020, the FDA approved four novel drugs for patients with lung cancer (pralsetinib, lurbinectedin, selpercatinib, capmatinib), in addition to several expansions for the use of previously approved therapeutics, including single agents (brigatinib and atezolizumab) and combinations such as ramucirumab/erlotinib, …